Providing sources of energy to the entire world is a vast scale operation that can take millions of years of creation and modern technology to harness. In this modern informational and technological age, electricity grids, power plants, communications, transportation, entertainment, science, and many other aspects of our everyday lives and special occasions are dependent on power. The two main categories of energy are non-renewable and renewable energy. Non-renewable energy includes fossil fuels and nuclear energy and renewable involves green energy such as solar, wind, and hydro power.
Fossil Fuel sources took hundreds of millions of years to process, since before the dinosaurs. The process involves sedimentary rock transforming after millions of years of compression and dehydration. The three main types of fossil fuels are coal, oil, and natural gas. Coal is a black rock that is primarily carbon with other elements, such as oxygen and hydrogen. Coal was harnessed for energy by the Chinese over three thousand years ago. Coal is commonly mined from out the ground and mountains, typically with mine shafts.
Oil was often times called black liquid gold because of the riches that came when someone struck it during a dig or on their land. Oil was formed from carbon being under pressure and intense heat underneath the earth’s surface. Oil was used to light lamps for thousands of years before wide scale industrialized cultivation. Oil today is used for a multitude of energy needs and it is drilled and pumped out of the ground for extraction. Natural gas was discovered a few thousand years ago in the Middle East. It is a highly flammable gas that is mostly made up of methane, a compound made up of carbon and hydrogen. Natural gas is odorless, lighter than air, and is usually found underground in close proximity to petroleum. Independent oil and gas producer Cunningham Energy works like other independent energy providers to offer efficient and forefront energy solutions. Top fossil fuel companies include Severstal JSC, Exxon Mobile Corp, and BP PLC.
Nuclear energy is the other big component of non-renewable energy and accounts for 10% of global electricity. It involves manipulating radioactive elements to release energy and this is generated in nuclear power plants. Renewable sources of energy will not run out if people use too much because it replenishes itself within human lifetime. Renewable energy accounts for 16% of global energy consumption and has significant increases in market share every year. Wind power involves wind turbines and solar energy commonly uses photovoltaic panels. Water generated green energy in large scales generally comes from hydro-electric dams.